Deliberative polling

The participants (approximately 200-500 people) are first polled by questionnaire on the targeted issue(s). After this baseline poll, briefing materials are sent to these participants and made public. The participants are then gathered for a few days to discuss the issues in more depth. The participants engage in dialogue with an expert panel, using questions that the participants develop with trained moderators.  After the deliberation the participants are asked the original polling question...
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Deliberative mapping

Involves both experts (around 20) and members of the public (public panel-up to 40 people from varied backgrounds) and combines a variety of approaches to assess how these participants rate different policy options against a set of defined criteria. The public panels and the experts consider the issue both separately from one another and at a joint workshop. This allows both groups to learn from each other without the experts dominating. The emphasis of the process is not on integrating exper...
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Consultations

Public consultation is a process by which the public's input on matters affecting them is sought. Its main goals are in improving the efficiency, transparency and public involvement in large-scale projects or laws and policies. It usually involves notification (to publicise the matter to be consulted on), consultation (a two-way flow of information and opinion exchange) as well as participation (involving interest groups in the drafting of policy or legislation). Level of Involvement: ...
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Consensus conference

Consists of a panel of people (10-20 service users/carers taking part in their capacity as local people, not as professionals or specialists) who question expert witnesses on a particular topic. A distinctive feature is that the initiative lies with the people - they decide the key aspects of the debate, including choice of questions, selection of witnesses and formulate their own conclusions. Panels members receive a comprehensive information pack, developed by HSC staff, in advance (up to 2 we...
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Planning for real

This approach requires a 3D model of a local area to be developed for communities to add suggestions of how they would like to see their community develop. They then prioritise these in groups and create an action plan for decision-makers to take away. This approach requires a trained facilitator to extract participant's knowledge of living in the area and to make suggestions by placing cards directly on the model. These are both ready-made cards with comments/suggestions or blank cards for p...
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Citizens’ juries

A Jury (12-16 members), made up of a small panel of independent people who are  non-specialists, carefully examine and discuss an issue of public significance and deliver a “verdict”. They are brought together to examine both written and verbal evidence about different perspectives on the issue they are deliberating on. This will include a full range of opinions, often in the form of worked up options on what should be done about the issue. The Jury will receive information which is presented th...
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